[INFOGRAPHIC] Celebrating April As Autism Awareness Month

This post is also available in: Français (French) العربية (Arabic)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability affecting social and communication skills. ASD is a neurological condition that affects the way a person experiences and interacts with the world. The main signs of ASD include:

  • Delayed & disordered language
  • Impaired social interaction
  • Repetitive behaviour
  • Restricted range of interest

Before 2013, five different subtypes of autism were classified under Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD): Autism, Asperger’s, Child Disintegrative Disorder (CDD), Pervasive Non-Development Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), and Rett’s.

Today, four of these subtypes (excluding Rett’s) have now been replaced with one central diagnosis: Autism Spectrum Disorder. Rather than a distinction between different subtypes, ASD is now differentiated based on three levels of severity and support needed (from mild to severe):

Level 1: requiring support
Level 2: requiring substantial support
Level 3: requiring very substantial support

Studies in the past decade show ASD prevalence figures to be growing. The current estimate by the American Autism & Development Disabilities Monitoring Network is as high as 1 in 68 individuals with a diagnosis of autism. Boys are nearly five times more likely than girls to have autism with 1 in every 42 boys being diagnosed with autism.

Early intervention, and consistent access to care can greatly improve the development of a child with ASD. This month, you can support families, educate communities, or provide life changing services for individuals affected by ASD.

As a society, we owe it to our children to do whatever we can to help them prosper in a world with increasing awareness and opportunities. Show you care, learn how to help. For more information, please visit Think Inc Foundation.

World Autism2-02